How Should The Disinfectant Be Used?
There are many types of disinfectants. Those that are effective against viruses are some alcohol products. They contain high levels of alcohol and their protective properties are very high. Of course, there are many different types. When it is high in alcohol, it can have side effects such as skin dryness and eczema. For this, especially moisturizing agents such as moisturizers can be added to hand disinfectants. Alcohol based hand disinfectants, which are recommended primarily for public health, and moisturizing ones for sensitive skin can be preferred.
There are many different disinfectants according to their properties, but alcohol based ones are extremely effective against both bacteria and viruses. They directly break down the cell membrane of bacteria and viruses, allowing the microorganism to die. There are different disinfectants that can be used on inanimate and living surfaces. For these, the usage leaflet should be checked because its effects are different from each other. When there is visible or invisible contamination, the hand disinfectant is used to prevent the disease-causing microorganisms from infecting our bodies or other people, surfaces. The most frequently and safely used alcohol-based hand disinfectants. Prospects should be read definitely. If it says “It is effective against bacteria and viruses”, there is no harm in using it.
Hand disinfectants are highly emphasized, but a hand disinfectant can never replace hand washing and soap. The main thing is to focus on this issue. Microorganisms, especially respiratory viruses, have envelopes containing membrane lipid, or fat molecules. Therefore, all of the degreasers, soaps, can destroy this virus, the killing power is high. The alcohol content in the colony is low. So it can provide a certain cleaning, but it does not have a lethal effect on 100 percent of viruses and bacteria. For this reason, it can be used because it provides certain protection in the absence of hand disinfectants and soap, but it is not possible to replace a soap or hand disinfectants.
Alcohol content of hand disinfectants should be over 65-70 percent. Since alcohol-based hand disinfectants evaporate in a very short time, it usually kills most microorganisms within 2 to 5 seconds. Alcohol-based disinfectants that we use in hospitals are disinfectants with an adjusted alcohol content and expiration dates.
The substances we call cologne used in the home are chemicals that contain disinfectant properties between 70 and 90 degrees, containing alcohol of 70 degrees and above. Since the alcohol content of the cologne with the mouth open will evaporate quickly, the germ killing feature may decrease. For this reason, they are chemicals that have a disinfectant feature between 60 and 90 degrees provided that the volume of the large volume disinfectant and home colognes are closed tightly.
We should not smell any disinfectant while disinfecting our hands because it may be harmful to the respiratory tract due to its content. Therefore, it is of no use to be perfumed. It is not the reason for preference. Usually an amount of approximately 2.5 cm in diameter is squeezed into the hand as much as the size of the hazelnut grain. It will be enough to rub hands for 20 seconds, especially between the fingers and the wrist. Nothing replaces water and soap.
If possible, it is preferable to wash hands. Hand washing disinfectants should be used when hand washing is not possible. Hand disinfectants can be used until they reach a sink where hands can be washed after being in areas such as AVM, public transportation. However, it is never recommended to avoid washing hands by relying on hand sanitizer. The hands should be washed at the first opportunity.