How is coronavirus transmitted? Coronavirus is a global infection that was first introduced in the Wuhan district of China, and caused by multiple viruses.
The new corona virus spreads mainly through a droplet infection such as coughing or physical contact. Thus, the virus can spread rapidly.
There may also be contamination on surfaces and objects. It has been shown that the virus can remain on surfaces for up to 72 hours, depending on the locations touched. However, the infection has been shown to drop drastically after only eight hours.
Scientists think that virus particles can also be transmitted by aerosols, for example, if you stay in closed rooms with infected people for a long time, or if you walk or run for a long time, or if there are infected people, the virus will be infected. Air conditioning or ventilation systems can possibly spread virus particles over a wide area.
One of the main ways of protection is social distance.
A distance of at least 1.5 meters reliably reduces the risk of infection, and therefore social distance is also important outdoors. Droplets of a person usually do not spread far. They are distributed in the wind, which reduces the risk of infection. You can be protected by regular hand washing, this is one of the simplest and safest methods.
Be more careful and more distant indoors. Researchers suggest farther distances in sports and entertainment centers. It is not recommended to run long distances in the open air or cycling behind others.
Most people are not seriously affected by the corona virus. They only show mild, flu-like symptoms, and most infections disappear without a trace. However, it is unclear how often it happens after an unnoticed long-lasting infection.
Any infected person can become a carrier and pass the virus to the risk group. Therefore, there is a risk of serious illness or even death. People at high risk are the elderly and or those who have previously had diseases such as diabetes or immune deficiency.
If typical symptoms appear, you should stay at home as a precaution. Coronavirus shows flu-like symptoms. More than 80 percent of infected people treat themselves at home.
Those who have been in contact with infected people must go to quarantine voluntarily for 14 days. The incubation period of the virus can take even longer, that is, the time before the first symptoms appear.
If severe symptoms such as shortness of breath occur, patients should go to the nearest healthcare facility or contact the doctor. Doctors may also issue a certificate of inability to work with patients with respiratory diseases on the phone.
Although most people show mild symptoms when COVID-19 is infected, others do not feel any symptoms at all. Antibodies can be detected in the blood after seven to ten days after the first symptom. Then you’re probably not contagious anymore. Studies show that some people produce more antibodies than others and can take up to three weeks.
Immunity is unlikely to last a lifetime. Experts predict that this will take from a few months to several years.
Patients spend an average of seven to ten days in the hospital.
There are currently no approved drugs or vaccines for COVID-19. In case of severe illness, he has to rely on doctors. Flu drugs or antibiotics are not effective against the covid-19 virus. The vaccines are in the testing phase and the vaccinations given to the subjects will result in the future.
Immune inhibitors are also used, especially in critical courses. Because in the second stage of the disease, it is important that the body shows immunity to the virus, not the virus itself.
Vaccination can stop the spread of the virus. Scientists and companies continue to work to test vaccines in subjects, as the researchers line up the genes of the coronavirus.
Experts expect the vaccine to be developed in 2021 at the earliest.
With what are coronaviruses, you can learn how to protect against corona virus.